# Practice GMAT Data Sufficiency Question

If x and y are both integers, which is larger, xx or yy?
1. x = y + 1
2. xy > x and x is positive.
 A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked, and additional data are needed.
1. The problem deals with properties of exponents. Analyzing the different cases where x is positive and y is positive, for example, is the key to this problem.
2. Evaluate Statement (1) alone.
1. Since x = y + 1, substitute for x in xx.
xx = (y + 1)(y + 1)
2. Since x is one number larger than y, it may appear that xx must be larger than yy. However, consider the table below.
 x y xx yy -1 -2 -1 1/4 -2 -3 1/4 -1/27 -3 -4 -1/27 1/256
3. When x = -1 and y = -2, xx is smaller. However, when x = -2 and y = -3, yy is smaller. Whether xx or yy is larger depends on the values of x and y.
4. Statement (1) is NOT SUFFICIENT.
3. Evaluate Statement (2) alone.
1. Given the inequality from Statement (2),
xy > x
Divide both sides by x.
x(y - 1) > 1
2. First consider this inequality when y = 1. Then x(y - 1) = x(1 - 1) = 1. But this violates the inequality because it is not true that x(1 - 1) > 1. Therefore, y may not be 1.
3. Next consider the case where y < 1. Then x(y - 1) = x-k, where -k is some negative number. And x-k = 1 / xk, which is less than 1 no matter the value of x; this violates the inequality, too, since x(y - 1) is supposed to be greater than 1. For example, if y = -3 and x = 2, then x(y - 1) = 2(-3 - 1) = 1 / 24 = 1/8, which is less than 1.
4. Since it cannot be that y = 1 or y < 1, the only option that remains is y > 1. From this conclusion and the information given in Statement (2), we conclude that x > 0 and y > 1. However, this is not enough information to determine whether xx or yy is larger. For example, it could be that x = 4 and y = 6; in this case, yy would be larger. It could be that x = 7 and y = 3; in this case, xx would be larger.
5. Statement (2) is NOT SUFFICIENT.
4. Evaluate Statement (1) and (2) together.
1. The conclusion reached in examining Statement (2) was that y > 1 and x > 0. Combine this with Statement (1), which says that x is one number larger than y. Thus, xx will always be larger than yy. For example, if y = 2, then x = 3; yy = 22 = 4 and xx = 33 = 27.
2. Statement (1) and (2) together are SUFFICIENT.
5. Since Statement (1) alone is NOT SUFFICIENT and Statement (2) alone is NOT SUFFICIENT yet Statements (1) and (2), when taken together, are SUFFICIENT, answer C is correct.