# Practice GMAT Data Sufficiency Question

Given that A = 3y + 8x, B = 3y - 8x, C = 4y + 6x, and D = 4y - 6x, what is the value of x*y?
1. AB + CD = -275
2. AD - BC = 420
 A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked, and additional data are needed.
1. This problem deals with polynomials and factoring, as well as simultaneous equations with two variables. Factoring or expanding where necessary will help greatly in solving this problem.
2. Evaluate Statement (1) alone.
1. First, multiply A and B, then C and D.
AB = (3y + 8x)(3y - 8x) = 9y2 - 64x2
CD = (4y + 6x)(4y - 6x) = 16y2 - 36x2
2. Now add AB and CD.
AB + CD = 25y2 - 100x2
Factor a 25 out of the right side of the equation.
AB + CD = 25(y2 - 4x2)
Notice that the polynomial on the right side can be factored.
AB + CD = 25(y + 2x)(y - 2x)
3. Since AB + CD = -275, substitute this value into the equation.
-275 = 25(y + 2x)(y - 2x)
Divide both sides by 25.
-11 = (y + 2x)(y - 2x)
4. Let P = y + 2x and Q = y - 2x. There are only four ways that -11 can be the product of the two numbers P and Q: P = -1 and Q = 11, or P = -11 and Q = 1, or P = 1 and Q = -11, or P = 11 and Q = -1. Examine the first two possibilities.
5. First, P = -1 and Q = 11. Write out P and Q fully.
P = y + 2x = -1
Q = y - 2x = 11
Using linear combination, add both sides of the two equations together.
2y = 10
Which means that y = 5. Plug y = 5 back into either equation and get x = -3.
6. Secondly, P = -11 and Q = 1. Write out P and Q fully.
P = y + 2x = -11
Q = y - 2x = 1
Using linear combination, add both sides of the two equations together.
2y = -10
Which means that y = -5. Plug y = -5 back into either equation and get x = -3.
7. In the first case, y = 5 and x = -3, which means that x*y = -15. However, in the second case, when y = -5 and x = -3, x*y = +15. Therefore it is not possible to determine the value of x*y since the sign cannot be determined.
8. Statement (1) is NOT SUFFICIENT.
3. Evaluate Statement (2) alone.
1. First, multiply A and D, then B and C.
AD = (3y + 8x)(4y - 6x) = 12y2 + 14xy - 48x2
BC = (3y - 8x)(4y + 6x) = 12y2 - 14xy - 48x2
2. Now subtract BC from AD; almost all the terms cancel out.
AD - BC = 14xy - (-14xy) = 28xy
Since AD - BC = 420, substitute this value into the equation.
420 = 28xy.
Divide both sides by 28.
xy = 15
3. Statement (2) is SUFFICIENT.
4. Since Statement (1) alone is NOT SUFFICIENT and Statement (2) alone is SUFFICIENT, answer B is correct.