# Practice GMAT Data Sufficiency Question

A cake recipe calls for sugar and flour in the ratio of 2 cups to 1 cup, respectively. If sugar and flour are the only ingredients in the recipe, how many cups of sugar are used when making a cake?
1. the cake requires 33 cups of ingredients
2. the ratio of the number of cups of flour to the total number of cups used in the recipe is 1:3
 A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E) Statement (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked, and additional data are needed.
1. Based upon the question, we can set up a few equations:
Equation (1): Sugar/Flour = 2/1

Since one cake could be made from 2 cups of sugar and 1 cup of flour (or different number of cups in the same ratio):
Equation (2): Sugar/(Total Ingredients) = 2/(2+1) = 2/3
Equation (3): Flour/(Total Ingredients) = 1/(2+1) = 1/3
2. Evaluate Statement (1) alone.
1. Since the cake requires 33 cups of ingredients, using Equation (2), we know that Total Ingredients = 33:
Sugar/(Total Ingredients) = 2/3
Sugar/33 = 2/3
Therefore: Sugar = 22 cups.
2. Statement (1) is SUFFICIENT.
3. Evaluate Statement (2) alone.
1. Statement (2) does not provide any new information. Based upon the original question, we derived Equation (3). Statement (2) is merely a restatement of Equation (3).
2. Consider two examples:
If there were 10 cups of flour, the total amount of ingredients would be 30 cups and there would be 20 cups of sugar.
But, if there were 5 cups of flour, the total amount of ingredients would be 15 cups and there would be 10 cups of sugar.
3. Statement (2) is NOT SUFFICIENT since we cannot determine how many cups of sugar were used in the cake.
4. Since Statement (1) alone is SUFFICIENT but Statement (2) alone is NOT SUFFICIENT, answer A is correct.